Why Is My Hedgehog Throwing Up? (Fact Checked)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Fun Fact: Hedgehogs have the ability to roll into a tight ball, using their spines as a defense mechanism against predators! When threatened, a hedgehog will tuck its head and legs into its body, leaving only its spines exposed. These spines are not only protective, but also help to maintain the hedgehog’s body temperature. So the next time you see a hedgehog, watch it transform into a spiky ball!
As a hedgehog owner, seeing your furry friend throwing up can be concerning and raise questions about their health. Vomiting is a common symptom of various underlying health issues in hedgehogs, but with the right care and attention, it can be effectively managed and prevented. In this article, we’ll explore the various causes of vomiting in hedgehogs and what you can do to help diagnose and treat it. Whether you’re a seasoned hedgehog owner or a new pet parent, this information will give you the knowledge you need to keep your hedgehog happy and healthy. So, why is your hedgehog throwing up? Let’s find out!

1 Causes of Vomiting in Hedgehogs

Vomiting is a common symptom in hedgehogs and can be caused by several factors. It’s important for hedgehog owners to understand the causes of vomiting in order to effectively diagnose and treat the problem. Let’s take a closer look at the causes of vomiting in hedgehogs:

A. Diet-related Causes
1. Overfeeding: Overfeeding is a common cause of vomiting in hedgehogs. Giving your hedgehog too much food can lead to indigestion and cause them to throw up. To prevent overfeeding, it’s important to stick to a consistent feeding schedule and measure out appropriate portion sizes.
2. Improper Diet: A diet that is not well balanced or lacks essential nutrients can also cause hedgehogs to vomit. It’s important to feed your hedgehog a high-quality diet that contains a variety of protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
3. Eating Too Quickly: Hedgehogs have a tendency to eat their food quickly, which can lead to indigestion and vomiting. To prevent this, consider offering smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day.

B. Medical Causes
1. Infections: Infections such as bacterial, fungal, or viral can cause hedgehogs to vomit. These infections can be serious and should be treated promptly by a veterinarian.
2. Parasites: Parasites such as mites, ticks, and tapeworms can cause vomiting in hedgehogs. Regular parasite checks and treatments are essential to keep your hedgehog healthy and free of parasites.
3. Chronic Illnesses: Chronic illnesses such as liver or kidney disease can cause vomiting in hedgehogs. If you suspect that your hedgehog may be suffering from a chronic illness, it’s important to have them evaluated by a veterinarian.

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C. Environmental Causes
1. Stress: Stress can cause a variety of health issues in hedgehogs, including vomiting. It’s important to provide a stable and calm environment for your hedgehog to help reduce stress.
2. Changes in Routine: Changes in routine, such as moving to a new home or introducing new people or pets, can cause stress and vomiting in hedgehogs. It’s important to be mindful of changes in your hedgehog’s environment and provide them with extra support and care during these transitions.
3. Exposure to Toxins: Exposure to toxic substances such as cleaning products or pesticides can cause vomiting in hedgehogs. It’s important to keep your hedgehog’s environment free of toxic substances and provide a safe and healthy living space.

So basically, understanding the causes of vomiting in hedgehogs is important in order to diagnose and treat the problem effectively. By providing a balanced diet, a stable environment, and regular veterinary care, you can help keep your hedgehog healthy and prevent vomiting.

2 Diagnosing the Cause of Vomiting

Diagnosing the cause of vomiting in hedgehogs requires a thorough examination and a combination of diagnostic tests. A proper diagnosis is crucial in determining the right course of treatment and ensuring the well-being of your pet.

A. Observations to make before visiting a vet:

Before taking your hedgehog to a veterinarian, it’s important to observe and record a few key details about the vomiting episode. This information can help the vet determine the underlying cause and provide a quicker and more accurate diagnosis. Here are a few observations to make:

  • Frequency of vomiting: Keep track of how often your hedgehog is vomiting. Is it a one-time occurrence or a recurring problem?
  • Appearance of vomit: Note the appearance of the vomit. Does it contain food, bile, or blood?
  • Changes in behavior and appetite: Observe your hedgehog’s behavior and appetite. Have they become less active or are they refusing to eat?
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B. Diagnostic tests performed by a veterinarian:

Once you take your hedgehog to a veterinarian, they will perform a series of diagnostic tests to determine the cause of the vomiting. These tests typically include:

  • Physical examination: The vet will perform a physical examination to check for any physical abnormalities or signs of illness. They may also take the hedgehog’s temperature, listen to its heart and lungs, and examine its mouth and digestive system.
  • Fecal examination: The vet may perform a fecal examination to check for any parasites or other signs of digestive issues.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests can be used to check for infections, inflammation, or other underlying medical conditions that could be causing the vomiting.

In some cases, the vet may also perform imaging tests, such as X-rays or ultrasound, to get a better look at the digestive system and any potential blockages or abnormalities.

It’s important to follow your vet’s recommendations and complete all recommended diagnostic tests to ensure the most accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan for your hedgehog. Your hedgehog’s health and well-being depend on it!

3 Treating Hedgehog Vomiting

A. Diet-related causes:
When it comes to treating hedgehog vomiting caused by diet-related issues, two key steps are improving the diet and feeding smaller, more frequent meals. It’s important to provide a balanced diet that meets your hedgehog’s nutritional needs, including a high-quality hedgehog food mix that is high in protein and low in fat. Avoid feeding your hedgehog foods high in sugar, as well as fruits and vegetables, as these can upset their digestive system. In addition, feeding smaller, more frequent meals can help prevent overeating, which can lead to vomiting.

B. Medical Causes:
Vomiting in hedgehogs can also be caused by medical issues, such as infections, parasites, or chronic illnesses. In cases where vomiting is caused by an infection, a veterinarian may prescribe an antibiotic treatment to clear up the infection and resolve the vomiting. Deworming medications can also be used to treat parasitic infections that may cause vomiting. For hedgehogs with chronic illnesses, such as liver or kidney disease, your veterinarian may recommend a variety of treatments to manage the underlying condition and prevent vomiting.

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C. Environmental Causes:
Finally, environmental factors, such as stress, changes in routine, and exposure to toxins, can also lead to vomiting in hedgehogs. To prevent environmental-related vomiting, it’s important to create a stable and stress-free environment for your hedgehog, including maintaining a consistent routine and avoiding sudden changes in temperature or lighting. Additionally, it’s important to keep your hedgehog away from any potential toxins, such as cleaning products or pesticides, that may cause vomiting.

In summary, if your hedgehog is vomiting, it’s important to get an accurate diagnosis of the cause in order to provide appropriate treatment. With proper care and attention, most cases of hedgehog vomiting can be effectively treated and prevented from reoccurring.

4 Prevention of Vomiting in Hedgehogs

Vomiting can be a concerning issue for hedgehog owners, but the good news is that it can often be prevented. Here are three key steps to take to reduce the likelihood of your hedgehog vomiting:

A. Maintaining a balanced diet
One of the most important things you can do for your hedgehog is to ensure they’re eating a balanced diet. Hedgehogs require a diet that’s high in protein and low in fat. Make sure to feed your hedgehog high-quality, commercial hedgehog food, and avoid feeding them table scraps or other human foods. In addition, be mindful of how much your hedgehog is eating and keep an eye out for any changes in appetite.

B. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian
Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are essential for preventing and treating any potential health problems in your hedgehog, including vomiting. During these check-ups, your veterinarian will examine your hedgehog, check their weight, and perform any necessary tests to make sure they’re in good health. If any issues are detected, your veterinarian will be able to provide you with advice on how to address them.

C. Providing a stable environment
Finally, it’s important to provide your hedgehog with a stable environment. This includes making sure they have a secure, comfortable cage, with plenty of hiding places and toys to play with. In addition, it’s essential to maintain a consistent routine for your hedgehog, including feeding times, playtime, and sleep. By providing a stable environment, you can help reduce the stress that can sometimes lead to vomiting in hedgehogs.

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As such, by following these three steps, you can help ensure that your hedgehog stays healthy and happy, and reduce the risk of vomiting. If you have any concerns about your hedgehog’s health or behavior, don’t hesitate to reach out to a veterinarian for advice.


What causes a hedgehog to vomit?

Hedgehogs can vomit for a variety of reasons, including dietary issues, medical conditions, and environmental factors. Diet-related causes may include eating too quickly or consuming food that doesn’t agree with their digestive system. Medical causes may include infections, parasites, or chronic illnesses, while environmental causes may include stress, a lack of routine, or exposure to toxins. To prevent vomiting, it’s important to maintain a balanced diet, schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian, and provide a stable environment for the hedgehog.

Do hedgehogs throw up on themselves?

No, hedgehogs do not throw up on themselves. When hedgehogs vomit, it is typically expelled from their mouth, not onto their own bodies. However, it is important to keep their environment clean and dry to prevent any potential health issues that may result from exposure to vomit or other waste. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and providing a balanced diet can help to prevent vomiting in hedgehogs.

Why is my hedgehog throwing up white foam?

White foam vomit in hedgehogs is usually a sign of digestive distress or illness. It is important to seek veterinary attention if your hedgehog is throwing up white foam regularly. The cause of the white foam vomiting could be related to various factors such as diet, stress, parasites, or infections. A veterinary examination can help diagnose the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment.

It is important to ensure your hedgehog has a balanced diet and a stable environment to prevent digestive issues. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help keep your hedgehog healthy and reduce the risk of vomiting, including vomiting white foam.

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How do you take care of a sick hedgehog?

To take care of a sick hedgehog, it is important to provide it with a calm and quiet environment, with adequate temperature, ventilation and hiding spaces. Offer it fresh water and feed it with a diet that meets its nutritional requirements. If you suspect that your hedgehog is sick, it is best to take it to a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

To support your hedgehog’s health and recovery, you may also consider providing it with additional sources of warmth and a comfortable bedding, giving it ample time to rest and reducing stress.

It is important to note that hedgehogs can be carriers of salmonella, so it is important to practice good hygiene and sanitize any surfaces that come into contact with the hedgehog or its waste. Additionally, some treatments and medications may not be safe for hedgehogs, so always consult with a veterinarian before administering any medication.

6 Conclusion

In conclusion, as a hedgehog owner, it’s important to be aware of the various causes of vomiting in these adorable pets. From diet-related causes to medical and environmental factors, there are many things that could contribute to a hedgehog throwing up. To ensure your pet is healthy and happy, it’s crucial to maintain a balanced diet, regular check-ups with a veterinarian, and provide a stable environment for your hedgehog. By taking these proactive steps, you can minimize the risk of your hedgehog experiencing vomiting and ensure that they are living their best life. Remember, your hedgehog’s health is in your hands, and it’s up to you to be their advocate and make sure they receive the care they need.
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