Supplies Needed For A Hedgehog (Fact Checked)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Did you know that hedgehogs have the ability to self-anoint? This means that when they come across a new or strong-smelling object, they will produce a foamy saliva and spread it all over their spines. Scientists believe that this behavior helps hedgehogs mask their scent from predators and also serves as a way to cope with new stimuli. So next time you see your pet hedgehog foaming at the mouth, don’t be alarmed! It’s just their unique way of exploring and adapting to their environment.
Hedgehogs make wonderful pets, with their cute and curious personalities. However, owning a hedgehog requires more than just love and affection. To provide a comfortable and healthy environment for your pet hedgehog, you’ll need to invest in the proper supplies. Whether you’re a new or experienced hedgehog owner, this guide will outline the essential items you’ll need to keep your pet happy and healthy. So, what are the supplies needed for a hedgehog? Read on to find out!

1 Habitat


– The cage is the most important aspect of your hedgehog’s habitat. It should be spacious enough for your pet to move around freely and comfortably, with a minimum recommended size of 24x24x12 inches.
– The material of the cage should be sturdy and non-toxic. Wire cages with plastic bottoms are a popular choice, as they provide good ventilation and are easy to clean.
– Lining the bottom of the cage with a soft material, such as fleece, will provide a comfortable surface for your hedgehog to rest on. Make sure to change the lining regularly to keep it clean and hygienic.

– Bedding is important for insulation and to create a comfortable and cozy environment for your hedgehog. There are several options for bedding, including paper-based products, such as carefresh, and natural materials, such as aspen shavings.
– Safety should be a top priority when choosing bedding. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as they contain harmful aromatic oils that can irritate your hedgehog’s respiratory system.

– Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and love to hide and snooze during the day. Providing a hideout for your pet is important for its well-being. Options for hideouts include commercially-made huts and cardboard boxes.
– Placement is important when it comes to hideouts. Place the hideout in a quiet and secluded area of the cage, away from the food and water dishes. This will give your hedgehog a peaceful place to rest.

Water dish
– It’s important to provide your hedgehog with a clean and accessible source of water at all times. A heavy ceramic dish is a good option, as it won’t tip over easily.
– Placement of the water dish is also important. Make sure it’s accessible for your hedgehog and not too close to the bedding or food. Clean and refill the water dish regularly to ensure your hedgehog always has fresh water to drink.

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In short, providing the right habitat for your hedgehog is essential for its well-being and happiness. By ensuring you have the right cage, bedding, hideout, and water dish, you’ll be able to provide a comfortable and healthy environment for your pet.

2 Feeding

Feeding is an important aspect of hedgehog care, and it requires thoughtful consideration to ensure that your pet receives a well-balanced and nutritious diet. Here are some key points to keep in mind when feeding your hedgehog.


There are a variety of commercial hedgehog foods available on the market, but it’s important to choose one that is specifically formulated for hedgehogs and contains high-quality proteins, fats, and fibers. The recommended amount of food to give your hedgehog varies based on its age, size, and activity level, so be sure to follow the guidelines provided by the manufacturer.


Hedgehogs typically do best on a diet of high-quality, dry kibble that is specifically formulated for their needs. Some hedgehogs may also enjoy the occasional wet food or mealworm treat, but these should be given in moderation to avoid overfeeding and weight gain.


The recommended amount of food to give your hedgehog will depend on its age, size, and activity level, but a good rule of thumb is to provide a small handful of kibble each day. It’s important to avoid overfeeding, as hedgehogs are prone to obesity.


Ensuring that your hedgehog has access to fresh water at all times is essential to its health and well-being.


The best source of water for your hedgehog is a clean and sanitary water dish that is easily accessible and refilled daily. Avoid using a water bottle, as these can become clogged and prevent the hedgehog from accessing water.


Hedgehogs need access to fresh water at all times, so be sure to refill their water dish daily and clean it regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria.

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While treats can be a fun way to bond with your hedgehog, it’s important to choose them wisely and give them in moderation.


Some hedgehogs enjoy mealworms or other live insects, while others may prefer fruit or yogurt drops. When choosing treats, be sure to look for ones that are low in fat and high in nutrients to ensure a well-balanced diet.


Treats should be given in moderation and not used as a substitute for a well-balanced diet. A few treats per week are usually sufficient, but be sure to monitor your hedgehog’s weight to ensure that it isn’t becoming overweight.

3 Healthcare

Taking care of a hedgehog requires more than just providing food and shelter. Hedgehogs require proper healthcare to keep them healthy and happy. To ensure your pet hedgehog is in top shape, it’s important to stay on top of regular vet visits, grooming, nail trimming, and bathing.

Vet Visits
Frequency of vet visits is essential in keeping hedgehogs healthy. It’s recommended to take your pet hedgehog to a veterinarian who specializes in exotics for an initial check-up and yearly wellness exams. During these visits, the vet can identify any potential health problems early on and provide appropriate treatments.

Regular grooming is crucial for hedgehogs as it helps to maintain their overall health and well-being. It’s essential to brush your pet hedgehog’s fur regularly to remove any loose or matted fur, and to prevent skin infections. The frequency of grooming can vary depending on the length and thickness of your pet hedgehog’s fur, but it’s generally recommended to groom them at least once a week.

Nail Trimming
Hedgehogs require regular nail trimming to keep their nails from getting too long and causing discomfort or injury. It’s recommended to trim your pet hedgehog’s nails every two to four weeks, depending on how fast they grow. Special nail trimmers made specifically for small animals are available, and they make the task much easier and safer for you and your pet.

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Hedgehogs do not need frequent baths, as they are self-grooming animals. However, if your pet hedgehog gets dirty or smelly, a bath may be necessary. Be sure to use a gentle pet shampoo, and avoid getting water in their eyes, ears, or nose. Baths should be given sparingly, as hedgehogs do not enjoy being wet, and too many baths can disrupt their natural oils and cause skin irritation.

As such, providing proper healthcare for your pet hedgehog requires attention to regular vet visits, grooming, nail trimming, and bathing. By following these guidelines, you can ensure your pet hedgehog is happy, healthy, and well taken care of.

4 Enrichment

Enrichment is an important aspect of pet care and should not be overlooked. Keeping your pet stimulated both physically and mentally helps to maintain their overall well-being and happiness. Here are a few key components of pet enrichment:

Toys play a significant role in pet enrichment. It’s important to choose toys that are safe for your pet and free from any small parts that could pose a choking hazard. There are many different types of toys to choose from, including interactive toys that encourage problem-solving and chew toys that can help promote healthy teeth and gums.

Exercise is an essential component of pet enrichment. Regular physical activity helps to maintain your pet’s overall health, improve their mood, and prevent behavioral problems. The frequency of exercise can vary depending on the species and individual needs of your pet, but it is typically recommended to exercise your pet daily.

Playtime is also important for pet enrichment. Spending time interacting with your pet through play helps to build a strong bond between you and your furry friend, while also providing physical and mental stimulation. Playtime can be incorporated into your daily routine and doesn’t need to be elaborate or time-consuming.

So essentially, pet enrichment is an important aspect of pet care that should not be overlooked. Incorporating toys, exercise, and playtime into your pet’s daily routine will help to promote their overall well-being and happiness.

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What should I put in my hedgehog’s cage?

When it comes to setting up a cage for your hedgehog, it’s important to make sure they have everything they need to be comfortable and healthy. Here are some essential items you should include in their cage:

– A spacious cage: Hedgehogs need a cage that provides enough room for them to move around and exercise. A cage that is at least 2 feet by 2 feet is recommended.

– Bedding: Soft and absorbent bedding made from materials such as aspen shavings or kiln-dried pine is ideal for hedgehogs. Avoid using cedar shavings as they can be harmful to your pet.

– Hide box: Hedgehogs need a place to hide and feel secure. A hide box made from a cardboard box or a plastic container with a small opening will do the trick.

– Water bottle: Hedgehogs need access to fresh water at all times. A water bottle attached to the side of their cage is the best option as it helps keep their cage clean and hygienic.

– Wheel: A wheel is an essential item for your hedgehog’s cage as they are naturally active animals that need to exercise. A wheel that is at least 8 inches in diameter is recommended.

– Food dish: A shallow dish for dry food and a heavy ceramic dish for wet food is ideal for your hedgehog.

– Toys: To provide mental stimulation and prevent boredom, include toys such as tunnels, balls, and chew toys in your hedgehog’s cage.

It’s also important to keep your hedgehog’s cage clean and free of any potential hazards. Regular cleaning and removing any items that could harm your pet will help ensure their wellbeing and happiness.

What do I need to know before I get a hedgehog?

Before getting a hedgehog, it’s important to consider several key factors to ensure they receive proper care and a comfortable environment. Here are some things to keep in mind:

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Habitat: A hedgehog needs a spacious cage that is at least 2 feet long and 1.5 feet wide, with a solid bottom and easy-to-clean materials. Provide a hiding spot, a wheel for exercise, and a soft bedding material, such as shredded paper or aspen shavings.

Diet: Hedgehogs are insectivores and require a balanced diet of specially formulated hedgehog food, insects, and fruits and vegetables as occasional treats. Avoid feeding them fatty or sugary foods.

Healthcare: Regular vet visits are necessary for routine check-ups and to prevent and treat any health issues. Vaccinations, parasite control, and dental care are also important for their overall well-being.

Enrichment: Hedgehogs need opportunities for exercise, play, and mental stimulation. Provide toys, tunnels, and other interactive items for them to explore and play with.

By keeping these factors in mind and providing proper care, you can give your hedgehog a happy and healthy home.

6 Conclusion

In short, having a hedgehog as a pet requires a significant commitment, not just in terms of time and attention, but also in terms of the necessary supplies and equipment. As a responsible pet owner, it’s crucial to provide the best possible environment for your hedgehog to live in, one that offers proper habitat, food, healthcare, and opportunities for enrichment. Regular visits to the vet, proper grooming, and regular nail trims are all critical components of ensuring your hedgehog’s well-being. With the right tools and resources, hedgehogs can make wonderful and entertaining pets that provide years of joy and companionship. So, be prepared to invest in the right supplies, and be dedicated to providing the best possible care for your hedgehog. Your pet will thank you for it!
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