How To Take Care Of A Hedgehog Video? (FAQ)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Did you know that hedgehogs have a unique way of staying cool in hot weather? They actually sweat through their feet to regulate their body temperature! Cool, right?
Hedgehogs are adorable, spiky creatures that make wonderful pets. They are social, active and love to play. If you’re thinking of getting a hedgehog, it’s important to understand their needs and how to take care of them properly. This guide provides all the information you need to give your hedgehog the best life possible. With proper care and attention, your hedgehog can live a happy and healthy life. Are you ready to learn how to take care of a hedgehog? Let’s get started!

1 Understanding Hedgehogs

Types of Hedgehogs
There are several species of hedgehogs, but the most common species kept as pets are the African Pygmy Hedgehog. These hedgehogs have become popular pets because of their small size and friendly personalities.

Characteristics and Behaviors
Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, meaning they are most active at night. They are also social animals, so they enjoy having interaction and playtime with their owners. Hedgehogs have a unique defense mechanism, they can roll into a tight ball, covering their face, legs, and belly with their sharp spines. This defense mechanism is designed to protect them from predators in the wild.

Hedgehogs are also known for their curious and playful nature. They love to explore their surroundings and play with toys. They also have a good sense of smell and love to sniff around. They are clean animals and they groom themselves regularly.

Life Expectancy
With proper care, hedgehogs can live up to 5-7 years in captivity. Factors such as diet, exercise, and environment can greatly impact their lifespan. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect any health problems early on and ensure a long and healthy life for your hedgehog.

In short, understanding hedgehogs is key to providing them with the best life possible. By being aware of their characteristics, behaviors, and needs, you can ensure that your hedgehog is happy, healthy, and thriving.

2 Housing Requirements

Size of Cage
When it comes to housing your hedgehog, size matters. A minimum cage size of 2 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot is recommended for a single hedgehog. Larger cages are always better, but it’s important to make sure the cage is tall enough so that your hedgehog can stand on their hind legs without touching the top of the cage.

Bedding Options
Hedgehogs need a soft and cozy place to sleep, so it’s important to choose the right bedding for them. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings as bedding as they release harmful fumes that can be toxic to hedgehogs. Instead, opt for a high-quality paper-based bedding such as aspen shavings or CareFresh.

See also  Animal That Looks Like A Hedgehog (Expert Answers)

Temperature and Humidity Levels
Hedgehogs are native to warm climates, so it’s important to maintain a comfortable temperature in their cage. A temperature range of 72°F to 80°F is ideal. To help maintain a stable temperature, you can use a ceramic heat emitter or a heating pad designed for reptiles. It’s also important to monitor the humidity levels in the cage, which should be kept between 30% and 50%.

Lighting Needs
Since hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, it’s important to provide them with a dark and quiet place to sleep during the day. They also need a source of light to help them regulate their circadian rhythm and maintain their health. You can provide a low wattage bulb, or you can use a full-spectrum LED light.

As such, providing your hedgehog with the right housing environment is crucial to their health and happiness. By understanding their needs for size, bedding, temperature, and lighting, you can create a comfortable and safe home for your hedgehog.

3 Diet and Nutrition

Diet and Nutrition play a crucial role in the overall health and well-being of hedgehogs. Proper nutrition is essential for hedgehogs to maintain their energetic and playful nature. In this text, we will be discussing the different foods to provide, foods to avoid and water sources for hedgehogs.

Foods to provide: The primary food source for hedgehogs should be a high-quality commercial hedgehog food that is specially formulated to meet their nutritional needs. You can also supplement their diet with small amounts of fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, strawberries, carrots, and mealworms.

Foods to avoid: It’s important to avoid feeding hedgehogs foods that can be harmful to them such as dairy products, avocado, onions, chocolate, and caffeine. These foods can cause digestive issues, lead to malnutrition or even be toxic to hedgehogs.

Water sources: It’s important to provide clean and fresh water for hedgehogs daily. You can do this by using a water bottle or a shallow dish. It’s important to change the water daily to prevent any bacteria growth. A hedgehog’s water source should be located near their food source for easy access.

See also  Hedgehog Lifespan In Captivity (FAQ)

So essentially, providing a balanced diet and proper nutrition is essential for a hedgehog’s health and well-being. It’s important to educate yourself about the types of food and water sources that are safe and suitable for your pet hedgehog.

4 Health and Hygiene

Signs of Illness

It is important to know the signs of illness in your hedgehog to ensure they are healthy and comfortable. Some common signs of illness include a lack of appetite, lethargy, changes in behavior, and abnormal stool. Additionally, a hedgehog may have a change in appearance, such as a loss of quills or a dull coat. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is best to consult a veterinarian to diagnose and treat the issue.

Preventive Measures

Preventing illness is the best way to keep your hedgehog healthy. Some preventive measures include providing proper housing, diet, and hygiene. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can also detect any health problems early on and provide the appropriate treatment. Additionally, maintaining a clean environment and avoiding contact with other hedgehogs can reduce the risk of illness.

Cleaning Routine

A regular cleaning routine is crucial for maintaining good hygiene and preventing illness in your hedgehog. Clean the cage and all accessories, such as food and water dishes, at least once a week. Wash bedding, such as towels or blankets, every other week. Spot clean any messes daily and thoroughly disinfect the cage and accessories every few months. Keeping a clean and hygienic environment will ensure your hedgehog stays healthy and comfortable.

Maintaining the health and hygiene of your hedgehog is crucial for their overall well-being. By staying vigilant for signs of illness and taking preventive measures, you can help ensure your hedgehog stays happy and healthy.

5 Exercise and Enrichment

The importance of exercise cannot be overemphasized when it comes to the well-being of pets. Regular physical activity not only keeps them fit and healthy, but also improves their mental state by reducing stress and promoting a sense of security. As an expert in the subject, I highly recommend providing your pet with ample opportunities for exercise and playtime.

See also  Is It Legal To Own A Hedgehog In Virginia? (Expert Answers)

There are several playtime options that you can explore. For example, you can take your pet for a walk, play fetch, or engage in other interactive games like tug-of-war. These activities not only provide physical exercise but also enhance the bond between you and your pet.

Enrichment activities are another crucial aspect of a pet’s exercise and play regimen. These activities are designed to stimulate their minds and provide them with mental stimulation. Examples of enrichment activities include hiding treats, solving puzzles, and training sessions. These activities not only provide mental stimulation but also promote learning and enhance their cognitive skills.

In short, exercise and enrichment are vital components of a pet’s overall health and well-being. By providing them with regular physical activity and opportunities for mental stimulation, you can promote their physical and mental health, enhance their quality of life, and strengthen the bond between you and your pet. So, be proactive, be positive and make sure to include exercise and enrichment as a routine in your pet’s daily schedule.

6 Handling and Interaction

How to pick up a hedgehog: When picking up a hedgehog, it is important to do so in a way that is both safe for the animal and comfortable for them. Start by gently scooping the hedgehog up into both hands, making sure to support their body and legs. Avoid picking them up by the tail, as this can cause pain and discomfort. If you need to hold your hedgehog for an extended period of time, make sure to provide additional support for their back and belly to prevent injury.

Interaction tips: It is important to approach hedgehogs with caution and let them come to you, as they can be easily scared. When interacting with a hedgehog, speak softly and move slowly. Offer your hand for them to sniff and gently pet their back. Avoid handling them too much, as this can cause stress and discomfort. Additionally, it is important to keep their environment secure and free from any potential dangers.

See also  How Tall Are Hedgehogs? (Real Research)

Bonding with your hedgehog: Building a bond with your hedgehog is essential to maintaining a healthy and happy relationship. Spend time with them every day, offering treats, and engaging in interactive activities. Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, so they are most active during the night. Consider setting aside a few hours each evening to play with your hedgehog and bond with them. As they become more comfortable with you, they may even come to you for affection. Regular handling and interaction will help to build a strong and trusting relationship between you and your hedgehog.

As such, handling and interaction are crucial components of hedgehog care. By following these tips, you can build a strong and positive relationship with your hedgehog, ensuring their health and happiness for years to come.

7 Grooming

Grooming is an important aspect of pet care and it plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and hygiene of your furry friend. Regular grooming not only helps to keep your pet looking its best but also promotes bonding between pet and owner. Here are the three essential grooming practices that you should be incorporating into your pet care routine:

Bathing – Regular bathing helps to keep your pet’s coat clean, soft and shiny. It also helps to remove any dirt, debris, or parasites that may be lurking in your pet’s fur. When bathing your pet, make sure to use a pet-specific shampoo and conditioner that’s appropriate for their skin type and coat. Avoid getting water in their ears, nose or eyes and make sure to rinse thoroughly to remove all soap residue.

Brushing – Regular brushing helps to remove tangles, mats and loose hair from your pet’s coat. It also helps to distribute the skin’s natural oils, which helps to keep their coat healthy and shiny. Depending on the length and type of your pet’s coat, you may need to brush them once or twice a week. Make sure to use a brush that’s appropriate for your pet’s coat type and remember to be gentle.

See also  When Were Hedgehogs Discovered? (Explained)

Nail Trimming – Long nails can be painful for your pet and can also cause damage to their paws or to your furniture. It’s important to trim your pet’s nails regularly to keep them at a comfortable length. If you can hear a clicking sound when your pet walks, it’s a sign that their nails are too long. Use a pet-specific nail clipper and be sure to avoid cutting into the quick, which is the sensitive area in the center of the nail. If you’re nervous about trimming your pet’s nails, talk to your vet or groomer for guidance.

So basically, incorporating regular grooming practices into your pet care routine is essential for maintaining their health and well-being. Regular bathing, brushing, and nail trimming help to keep your pet looking and feeling its best, and they also promote bonding between pet and owner. So, make sure to give your furry friend the care they deserve and incorporate these essential grooming practices into your routine today!


How to take care of a hedgehog?

Taking care of a hedgehog requires a suitable environment, a balanced diet, and regular interaction with their owner. To provide a suitable environment, it is essential to keep the hedgehog’s cage clean and at an appropriate temperature of 70-75°F. A balanced diet should consist of high-quality, commercial hedgehog food, supplemented with insects and vegetables. Regular interaction with their owner, including handling and playtime, is crucial for the hedgehog’s physical and mental well-being. Additionally, it’s important to have regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure the hedgehog’s health. Proper grooming, such as bathing and nail trimming, is also necessary to maintain the hedgehog’s hygiene. With patience, commitment, and a proper understanding of their needs, hedgehogs can make great pets.

Are hedgehogs easy to take care of?

No, hedgehogs are not considered to be easy pets to care for. Proper understanding of their needs and a commitment to providing a suitable environment, diet, and daily care are essential. This includes regular check-ups with a veterinarian, proper grooming, and daily interaction. While hedgehogs can make great pets for those willing to invest the time and effort, it is important to be fully prepared before bringing one into your home.
See also  Hedgehog 24 Hedge Trimmer (Deep Research)

How do you take care of an indoor hedgehog?

Taking care of an indoor hedgehog requires providing a suitable environment, proper diet, and routine veterinary check-ups. It’s important to ensure that the hedgehog’s habitat includes a spacious cage, bedding material such as aspen shavings or shredded paper, and a hiding place for the hedgehog to retreat to when it feels threatened.

Hedgehogs are insectivores and require a diet that consists primarily of high-quality dry cat food or specially formulated hedgehog food, as well as live insects and vegetables. It’s important to provide fresh water and change it regularly.

Regular check-ups with a veterinarian who specializes in exotic pets are important to ensure that the hedgehog remains healthy. A veterinarian can help you create a preventive healthcare plan, which may include vaccinations and parasite control.

Proper grooming including bathing, nail trimming and regular cleaning of the hedgehog’s cage is crucial to its overall health and well-being. Finally, daily interaction with the hedgehog is also essential, as hedgehogs are social creatures and enjoy human interaction.

Do hedgehogs need to be walked?

No, hedgehogs do not need to be walked like dogs or other similar pets. They are primarily nocturnal animals and tend to be most active during the night. However, they can benefit from regular playtime and interaction with their owners, which can be done indoors.

To keep a hedgehog happy and healthy, it is important to provide them with an environment that includes a spacious cage or enclosure, proper nutrition, and a suitable substrate for burrowing and nest-building. Additionally, hedgehogs should be regularly groomed, and receive regular check-ups from a veterinarian to ensure that they are in good health.

9 Conclusion

In short, taking care of a hedgehog is a rewarding experience, but it requires a lot of responsibility and effort. Patience, commitment, and understanding are key when it comes to providing the best possible care for your pet. By providing a comfortable environment, a balanced diet, and regular grooming, you can ensure that your hedgehog will be happy and healthy. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and daily interaction will also help to strengthen the bond between you and your pet. If you’re looking to bring a hedgehog into your home, make sure that you’re ready to put in the work required to give them the best life possible.
Previous articleHow Big Can A Hedgehog Grow? (FAQ)
Next articleI Want A Hedgehog For My Garden (Detailed Response)


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here