Hedgehog Tips For Beginners (Expert Answers)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Did you know that hedgehogs are known to have a unique defense mechanism? When they feel threatened, hedgehogs will roll up into a tight ball, using their spines as a barrier to protect themselves from predators. It’s a fascinating sight to see!
Are you thinking about becoming a hedgehog owner? Congratulations! These spiny little creatures can make fantastic pets for the right person. But, before you bring one home, it’s important to educate yourself on their care and requirements.

In this article, you’ll learn everything you need to know to provide a happy and healthy environment for your hedgehog. From housing and nutrition to bonding and medical care, we’ll cover it all.

Don’t be intimidated by all the information available – just take it one step at a time. And remember, as with any pet, it’s a big commitment, but with proper care, your hedgehog can bring you joy and companionship for years to come.

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Are you ready to learn everything you need to know about hedgehog ownership? Let’s get started!

1 Understanding Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals native to Africa and Europe. They have become popular pets in recent years due to their cute and quirky personalities. Understanding hedgehogs involves learning about their physical characteristics, behavior, and needs.

Physical Characteristics of Hedgehogs
Hedgehogs have a round body, short legs, and a pointed snout. They are covered in sharp spines, which are used for protection from predators. Hedgehogs come in a range of colors, including white, brown, and albino. They are small, typically weighing between 0.5-1.5 pounds and measuring about 6-8 inches long.

Hedgehog Behavior
Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, meaning they are most active at night. They are shy and solitary creatures, but with proper socialization and handling, they can become friendly and affectionate pets. They are known for their curious and playful personalities and love to explore their environment. However, they can also become easily stressed, so it’s important to provide a quiet and safe environment for them.

In the wild, hedgehogs use their spines and strong sense of smell to search for food. They are omnivores and eat a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, and vegetables. In captivity, it’s important to provide a balanced diet to ensure their health and wellbeing.

In short, understanding hedgehogs involves learning about their physical characteristics, behavior, and needs. With proper care and attention, hedgehogs can make great pets for the right person.

2 Housing and Environments

Types of Cages
When it comes to housing and environments for hedgehogs, the type of cage is a critical factor. The ideal cage should be large enough to provide adequate space for your pet to move around and play, with a height of at least 12-18 inches. Glass aquariums and wire mesh cages are two popular options, but it’s important to choose a cage that provides good ventilation. It’s also important to choose a cage with secure locks and no sharp edges, as hedgehogs are known to escape easily.

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Bedding is an important part of creating a comfortable and safe environment for your hedgehog. Paper-based beddings, such as aspen shavings or Carefresh, are good options as they are safe, absorbent, and easy to clean. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings as they can cause respiratory problems in hedgehogs.

Hedgehogs are relatively low maintenance when it comes to litter, but it’s still important to choose the right type. Paper-based litters, such as Yesterday’s News, are a good option as they are safe, absorbent, and easy to clean. Avoid using clumping litters as they can cause health problems if ingested.

Hedgehogs are native to warm climates, so it’s important to provide adequate heating for them in captivity. A heating pad or ceramic heat emitter is a good option, but it’s important to monitor the temperature to ensure it’s not too hot. The ideal temperature range is 75-85°F, with a basking spot of 90°F.

Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, so they do not need strong lighting. However, they do need a source of UVB light to help them absorb calcium and maintain healthy bones. A full-spectrum UVB light should be provided for at least 8-12 hours a day.

Hedgehogs are active creatures and need plenty of space to run, play, and explore. Providing a large cage with plenty of toys, such as tunnels and hide boxes, can help meet their exercise needs. It’s also important to provide opportunities for free play outside of their cage to help prevent boredom and ensure their overall health and wellbeing.

As such, creating a suitable housing and environment for your hedgehog is crucial for their health and happiness. By considering factors such as types of cages, bedding, litter, heating, lighting, and exercise, you can provide your pet with the best possible environment to thrive.

3 Feeding and Nutrition

Feeding and Nutrition are crucial factors in maintaining the health and happiness of hedgehogs. As a pet owner, it’s important to understand what to feed your hedgehog and how to provide them with the essential nutrients they need to thrive.

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Recommended Diets: Hedgehogs are omnivores and require a balanced diet of both protein and vegetables. Commercial hedgehog food is readily available and is specially formulated to meet their nutritional needs. You can also feed your hedgehog a mix of canned dog food, high-quality dry cat food, and small amounts of fruit and vegetables.

Foods to Avoid: Some foods can be harmful to hedgehogs and should be avoided. These include dairy products, chocolate, and high-fat or high-sugar treats. It’s also important to avoid feeding your hedgehog wild insects as they may contain parasites or other harmful substances.

Hydration: In addition to a balanced diet, hedgehogs also require access to fresh water. Providing a water bottle or bowl will ensure they are able to stay hydrated at all times.

Treats: Treats should be given in moderation and should never make up more than 10% of your hedgehog’s diet. Some recommended treats include mealworms, waxworms, and fruits like blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries.

By understanding the nutritional needs of your hedgehog, you can help ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.

4 Health and Medical Concerns

Health and Medical Concerns

Signs of Illness
As pet owners, it is essential to be aware of the signs of illness in our pets. Changes in eating habits, sleeping patterns, and behavior can indicate that something is wrong. Other signs include lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, and an increase or decrease in water consumption. If you notice any of these signs, it is essential to seek veterinary care as soon as possible.

Parasites are a common problem for many pets, including fleas, ticks, and worms. Regular parasite control is essential to prevent infections and to keep your pet healthy. A preventive approach that includes monthly flea and tick medication and regular deworming will go a long way in keeping your pet healthy and free from parasites.

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Preventative Care
Preventative care is crucial in maintaining your pet’s health. This includes regular check-ups, vaccines, and dental care. Keeping your pet up-to-date on their vaccines will protect them from deadly diseases, and regular dental care will keep their teeth healthy and prevent tooth decay.

Regular Vet Visits
Regular visits to the vet are an essential part of maintaining your pet’s health. These visits allow your vet to monitor your pet’s health, check for any issues, and provide preventive care. Regular vet visits will also allow you to ask any questions and receive advice on how to best care for your pet. Your vet will also be able to identify and treat any health issues early, which can greatly improve the outcome.

So ultimately, taking care of your pet’s health is essential for a happy and healthy pet. By being aware of the signs of illness, regularly controlling parasites, and regularly visiting the vet, you can keep your pet healthy and happy for years to come.

5 Bonding and Interacting with Your Hedgehog

Bonding with your hedgehog is an essential aspect of responsible pet ownership. In order to build a strong, positive relationship with your pet, it is crucial to invest time and effort into handling and cuddling, playtime and toys, and training and socialization.

Handling and cuddling your hedgehog is a great way to bond with your pet and get to know their personality. Start by gradually increasing the amount of time you spend holding and petting your hedgehog. It’s important to be gentle and use slow movements to avoid startling your pet. You can also try offering them treats to get them comfortable with being handled. Over time, your hedgehog should become more and more relaxed and even start to enjoy being held.

Playtime and toys are also important for bonding with your hedgehog. Providing your pet with a variety of toys and play activities will not only help you bond with them but also keep them mentally and physically stimulated. For example, you can offer them tunnels, balls, and hideaways to play with, or set up a playpen or designated play area. Remember to regularly rotate your hedgehog’s toys to keep them interested and engaged.

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Training and socialization is the final key aspect of bonding with your hedgehog. Socializing your pet will help them become more confident and well-adjusted, and will also help to strengthen your bond with them. Start by gradually exposing your hedgehog to different sights, sounds, and experiences. For example, you can introduce them to new people and pets, or take them for short walks on a harness. It’s also a good idea to invest in training sessions with a professional animal behaviorist to ensure that your hedgehog is properly socialized and trained.

By incorporating these tips into your pet ownership routine, you can ensure a strong, positive bond with your hedgehog for years to come. Don’t hesitate to get started today!


Are hedgehogs good pets for beginners?

Yes, hedgehogs can make good pets for beginners, as long as they are prepared to provide proper care and attention. Before getting a hedgehog, it is important to research the species to understand their housing, nutrition, and medical requirements, as well as their social needs and personality traits. With the right preparation and commitment, hedgehogs can make fascinating and affectionate pets. However, it is also important to keep in mind that hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and can require additional effort and patience to bond with and care for, compared to more common pets such as dogs or cats. Ultimately, the suitability of a hedgehog as a pet depends on the individual’s lifestyle, living arrangements, and ability to provide for their needs.

How do I bond with my hedgehog?

Bonding with your hedgehog requires time, patience, and consistency. The first step is to provide a comfortable and safe environment for your hedgehog. Handling and cuddling regularly can help create trust between you and your pet. Spend time playing with your hedgehog and offering it different types of toys to encourage exploration and play. Training and socialization are also important factors in creating a strong bond with your hedgehog. Consistently offer positive reinforcement, such as treats, for desired behaviors to reinforce the bond. With patience and persistence, you can establish a strong, positive relationship with your hedgehog.
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What do I need to know before I get a hedgehog?

Before getting a hedgehog, it’s important to understand their needs and requirements for a healthy and happy life. It’s essential to research and provide proper housing, nutrition, and medical care. Bonding and interacting with your hedgehog is crucial, as well as training and socialization. Also, it’s advisable to be familiar with local laws and regulations regarding hedgehog ownership. It’s also wise to invest time and effort into learning about hedgehog behavior and health to ensure you are well-equipped to provide the best care for your new pet. Proper research and preparation are key to a successful and fulfilling hedgehog ownership experience.

Do hedgehogs like to be held?

It depends. Hedgehogs are generally solitary animals and may not enjoy being held all the time. However, with patience and proper handling, some hedgehogs can become used to and even enjoy being held. It is important to approach bonding and handling gradually and with caution, as hedgehogs can become stressed and defensive if they feel threatened. Spending time with your hedgehog, offering treats, and offering a comfortable place to rest can help build trust and improve the bond between you and your pet.

7 Conclusion

Bringing Home a Happy Hedgehog:

Owning a hedgehog can be a rewarding experience, but it’s important to approach it with care and consideration. By doing proper research, providing proper housing, nutrition, and medical care, and spending quality time bonding and interacting with your hedgehog, you can ensure a happy and healthy relationship for years to come. So if you’re thinking of adding a hedgehog to your household, make sure you’re ready to provide the best possible care and attention. Your new companion will thank you for it!

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