Hedgehog Food And Drink (Real Research)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Hedgehogs are known for their spiky appearance, but did you know that they can also run up to 6 miles per hour? That’s pretty impressive for a small mammal! These little creatures are full of surprises and make for fascinating pets or backyard visitors.
Hedgehogs are adorable, spiky creatures that make for great pets, and a well-balanced diet is essential for their health and wellbeing. As a hedgehog owner, it’s crucial to understand the types of food and drink that are safe and suitable for your pet. With so many options available, it can be confusing to figure out what’s best for your furry friend. In this blog, we’ll dive into the world of hedgehog food and drink, covering everything from what to feed, what to avoid, and everything in between. So, let’s get started and help you keep your pet happy and healthy.

1 Essential Nutritional Requirements

The essential nutritional requirements of an organism are critical to its survival and overall well-being. Nutrition is the intake of food and the nutrients it provides to the body. It is essential to understand what the body needs and in what quantities to maintain good health. The following are the most essential nutrients required by the body:


Protein is an essential macronutrient that provides the building blocks for growth and repair of the body’s tissues. It helps in maintaining healthy skin, hair, and bones, and it is also involved in producing enzymes, hormones, and other molecules. Proteins are made up of amino acids, and the body needs a variety of amino acids to function properly. Good sources of protein include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, beans, and legumes.


Fat is another essential macronutrient that is necessary for the body’s health and functioning. Fat provides energy and helps the body absorb vitamins and minerals. Fat also helps to maintain healthy skin, hair, and cell membrane function. Fats are classified into two main categories: unsaturated and saturated. Unsaturated fats, such as those found in nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils, can be beneficial to health in moderation. Saturated fats, found in animal products, should be limited.


Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that the body cannot digest. It is essential for maintaining good digestion and preventing constipation. Fiber also helps to regulate blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of heart disease and certain types of cancer. Good sources of fiber include whole grain bread, pasta, and cereal, as well as fruits, vegetables, and legumes.

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Vitamin and Mineral Content

Vitamins and minerals are essential micronutrients that play vital roles in various bodily functions. For example, vitamins A, C, and D are important for maintaining healthy skin and eyesight, while calcium is essential for strong bones. Iron is necessary for producing hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood. Good sources of vitamins and minerals include fruits, vegetables, dairy, and lean meats.

In summary, to maintain good health, it is essential to understand and meet the body’s nutritional requirements. A balanced diet that includes adequate amounts of protein, fat, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals will help ensure that the body has what it needs to function properly and maintain good health.

2 Commercial Hedgehog Diets

When it comes to feeding pet hedgehogs, commercial diets can offer a convenient and balanced option. These diets come in various forms, including dry, wet, and freeze-dried or dehydrated food. Let’s take a closer look at each type of commercial hedgehog food.

Dry Hedgehog Food

Dry hedgehog food, also known as kibble, is a popular choice among hedgehog owners. This type of food is easy to store, has a long shelf life, and is convenient to serve. It typically contains a blend of high-quality proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, along with added vitamins and minerals to meet the nutritional needs of hedgehogs. However, it is important to choose a high-quality brand that is specifically formulated for hedgehogs, as not all kibble is created equal.

Wet Hedgehog Food

Wet hedgehog food, also known as canned food, can be a good option for hedgehogs who prefer a softer texture or for those who have trouble eating kibble. Like kibble, canned food should be specifically formulated for hedgehogs and contain a balanced blend of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, along with added vitamins and minerals. Wet food can be served as a main meal or as a treat, and it can be a great way to add moisture to your hedgehog’s diet. However, it is important to keep in mind that wet food can spoil quickly and must be stored properly in the refrigerator.

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Freeze-Dried or Dehydrated Food

Freeze-dried or dehydrated hedgehog food is a type of commercial diet that has become increasingly popular in recent years. This type of food is created by removing the moisture content and then rehydrating it before serving. Freeze-dried or dehydrated food can be a good option for hedgehog owners who are looking for a convenient and long-lasting food option. It is also a great option for those who are traveling with their hedgehogs, as it is lightweight and easy to transport. Just like kibble and canned food, it is important to choose a high-quality brand that is specifically formulated for hedgehogs and contains a balanced blend of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, along with added vitamins and minerals.

In summary, commercial hedgehog diets can be a convenient and balanced option for pet hedgehogs. It is important to choose a high-quality brand that is specifically formulated for hedgehogs and to consider factors such as texture preference and storage requirements when selecting a diet. With a variety of options available, including dry, wet, and freeze-dried or dehydrated food, pet hedgehog owners are sure to find a diet that meets their needs and the needs of their pets.

3 Home-made Diets

A balanced and nutritious diet is essential for maintaining a healthy hedgehog. Many pet owners opt for home-made diets, as they offer greater control and flexibility over what their pet consumes. When preparing a home-made diet, it is important to consider several key elements to ensure that your hedgehog is receiving the right balance of nutrients. Here, we will examine three key components of a home-made hedgehog diet: protein sources, vegetables and fruits, and supplements and treats.

Protein Sources: Protein is a crucial component of any hedgehog’s diet, as it provides essential amino acids needed for growth and maintenance of muscle mass. Good sources of protein for hedgehogs include mealworms, crickets, and other insects, as well as chicken, turkey, and eggs. It is important to note that while hedgehogs are omnivores, they are insectivores by nature, and their diet should reflect this.

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Vegetables and Fruits: While fruits and vegetables should not make up the bulk of a hedgehog’s diet, they can provide essential vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber. Some recommended vegetables for hedgehogs include carrots, green beans, bell peppers, and sweet potatoes. Fruits, such as apples, blueberries, and raspberries, can be offered in moderation as treats.

Supplements and Treats: In addition to a balanced diet, hedgehogs may benefit from certain supplements, such as calcium and vitamin D3, to ensure that they are receiving all the essential nutrients they need. Treats, such as mealworms, can also be offered in moderation, but it is important to avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to weight gain and health problems.

When preparing a home-made diet for your hedgehog, it is important to consult with a veterinarian to ensure that you are providing a balanced and nutritious diet. With the right combination of protein sources, vegetables and fruits, and supplements, you can help ensure that your hedgehog stays happy and healthy for years to come.

4 Hydration

Hydration is a crucial aspect of health and well-being. To stay hydrated, it’s important to have access to quality water sources and to be mindful of the signs of dehydration.

Water Sources
Water can come from a variety of sources, including tap water, bottled water, and even water from natural sources such as springs or streams. It’s important to choose a water source that is safe, clean, and free of contaminants.

Avoiding Contaminated Water
Contaminated water can cause serious health problems, including diarrhea, dysentery, and other illnesses. To avoid contaminated water, make sure to check the source of your water and consider the potential contaminants that may be present. If you are unsure about the quality of your water source, consider investing in a water filtration system to remove impurities.

Signs of Dehydration
Dehydration can have serious health consequences and it’s important to recognize the signs of dehydration early on. Some common signs of dehydration include dry mouth and throat, dizziness, fatigue, and dark yellow urine. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to drink more water and seek medical attention if necessary.

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So basically, staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining good health and well-being. By choosing safe water sources, avoiding contaminated water, and being aware of the signs of dehydration, you can ensure that you stay properly hydrated and avoid any potential health problems.

5 Food and Drink Safety

When it comes to food and drink safety, there are a few key areas to focus on. Foods to Avoid can include items that are potentially toxic or harmful, such as chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, and certain types of plants or seeds. These items can cause a range of symptoms, from digestive upset to serious health issues, so it’s important to keep them out of reach.

Allergies and Intolerances are also a concern, especially for people who are particularly sensitive to certain ingredients or food groups. If you or someone you know has a food allergy, it’s important to read labels carefully and avoid the allergen in question. Symptoms can range from mild (such as a skin rash) to severe (such as anaphylaxis), so it’s best to err on the side of caution.

Finally, Monitoring Portion Control is important for maintaining a healthy diet and preventing overeating. Whether you’re trying to lose weight, maintain a healthy weight, or simply eat more nutritious foods, portion control can help you reach your goals. Keeping track of how much you’re eating can be done in a number of ways, from using a food scale to measuring out portions in advance. Whatever approach you choose, the key is to be consistent and stick to your plan.

So ultimately, food and drink safety is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle, and requires paying attention to what we eat and drink, and how much of it. By avoiding certain foods, monitoring allergies and intolerances, and maintaining portion control, we can all take steps towards a healthier and happier life.


What can I give a hedgehog to eat and drink?

Hedgehogs are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and small insects. A balanced diet for a hedgehog should include a commercial dry food specifically designed for hedgehogs, insects such as crickets or mealworms, and occasional fruits and vegetables like blueberries, strawberries, and spinach.

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It is important to note that certain foods should be avoided, including dairy products, avocado, and anything with caffeine or alcohol. Additionally, fresh water should always be available to hedgehogs, either in a water bottle or shallow dish.

It’s crucial to monitor portion control, as hedgehogs have a tendency to overeat, which can lead to health issues.

In summary, a balanced diet for a hedgehog includes a commercial dry food specifically designed for hedgehogs, insects, and occasional fruits and vegetables. Fresh water should always be available, and certain foods should be avoided. Portion control is important to maintain the hedgehog’s health and well-being.

What drink should I give a hedgehog?

Hedgehogs primarily require clean, fresh water. Tap water is acceptable, but it’s recommended to let it sit for a few hours to dissipate any chlorine before giving it to the hedgehog. Avoid giving them sugary drinks or dairy products as they can cause digestive upset. In addition, it’s also advisable to provide them with a source of hydration, such as a water dish or a water bottle, that’s easily accessible to them at all times.

What is hedgehog’s favorite food?

Hedgehogs do not have a specific favorite food, as their diet should consist of a balanced and varied nutrition. Providing hedgehogs with a commercial diet that meets their nutritional needs is recommended, as it contains all necessary vitamins, minerals, protein, fat, and fiber. Offer hedgehogs occasional protein-rich mealworms or boiled eggs as treats, but avoid feeding them foods high in fat and sugar. To ensure their health and well-being, monitor portion control and provide fresh water daily.

Do hedgehogs drink milk or water?

No, hedgehogs should not drink milk as it can lead to digestive issues. It’s best to provide them with fresh, clean water in a dish that they can easily access. It’s important to regularly change the water and clean the dish to ensure the water remains fresh and free from bacteria. Additionally, it’s recommended to provide water in a shallow dish to prevent the hedgehog from accidentally drowning.
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7 Conclusion

To sum it up, providing hedgehogs with a balanced and varied diet that includes the right amount of protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals is crucial for their health and well-being. There are several options for feeding hedgehogs, including commercial diets, home-made diets, and hydration. It’s important to remember that certain foods should be avoided and portion control should be monitored to ensure the hedgehog’s health and well-being.

As hedgehog caretakers, it’s our responsibility to educate ourselves on the best dietary practices and provide the best possible nutrition for our furry friends. By doing so, we can help them lead long, healthy lives.

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