Hedgehog Care For Beginners (Detailed Response)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Hedgehogs have the ability to roll into a tight ball as a defense mechanism! This allows them to protect their delicate stomach and face from potential predators. When a hedgehog feels threatened, it will curl up into a tight ball, making it nearly impossible for a predator to get to its soft underbelly. It’s amazing how this little guy can transform itself into a spiky ball in just a matter of seconds!
Welcome to the world of hedgehog ownership! Hedgehogs are fascinating and endearing creatures that can make wonderful pets. They are known for their cute and quirky personalities, as well as their low-maintenance and low-noise lifestyles. However, owning a hedgehog does come with responsibilities, especially if you’re new to hedgehog care. But don’t worry, we’re here to guide you every step of the way.

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In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about hedgehog care for beginners, from understanding their behavior and personality to providing them with proper housing, nutrition, hygiene, and mental stimulation. Whether you’re considering getting a hedgehog or already have one, this guide will help you give your pet the best life possible. Let’s dive in!

1 What you need to know before getting a hedgehog

Different breeds of hedgehogs
Hedgehogs come in a variety of breeds, each with its own unique appearance and personality. Some popular breeds include the African Pygmy Hedgehog, Algerian Hedgehog, and Chinese Hedgehog. It’s important to do your research and choose the breed that best fits your lifestyle and preferences. Keep in mind that not all hedgehogs are created equal, and each breed may have different care requirements.

Understanding hedgehog behavior and personality
Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures and are most active at night. They are known for their shy and solitary nature, but with proper socialization and handling, they can develop a bond with their owner. It’s important to understand that hedgehogs may become nervous or scared if handled too much or too rough. It’s important to approach them slowly and gently and to allow them to get used to your presence before handling them.

Determining if a hedgehog is the right pet for you
Hedgehogs can make great pets, but they are not for everyone. They are low-maintenance pets, but they still require a certain level of care and attention. Consider your lifestyle, budget, and the amount of time you’re willing to dedicate to your pet before making a decision. Keep in mind that hedgehogs can live up to 5 years and may require a significant investment in their care over their lifetime.

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So basically, hedgehogs can make great pets, but it’s important to do your research and understand their behavior, personality, and care requirements before making a decision. Make sure to choose the right breed for you, understand their nocturnal nature, and determine if you’re ready to make the commitment to provide them with proper care. With the right knowledge and preparation, you can be a successful and responsible hedgehog owner.

2 Housing for your hedgehog

Types of cages
When it comes to housing your hedgehog, you have a variety of cage options to choose from. The most common type of cage is an aquarium with a screen top, but you can also use plastic or metal cages. No matter which type of cage you choose, it’s important to make sure it is the right size for your hedgehog and has enough space for them to move around and play. A general rule of thumb is to provide at least 2 square feet of floor space for every hedgehog.

Essential cage accessories
In addition to the cage itself, there are several essential accessories you’ll need to provide for your hedgehog. This includes a water dish, food dish, and hiding place. You’ll also want to provide a wheel for exercise and a thermometer to monitor the temperature.

Bedding and substrate options
When it comes to bedding and substrate options, you have several choices. Some popular options include paper-based bedding, recycled paper bedding, and aspen shavings. Avoid using cedar shavings, as they release fumes that are harmful to hedgehogs. It’s important to change the bedding frequently to maintain a clean and comfortable environment for your hedgehog.

Temperature and Lighting requirements
Hedgehogs are sensitive to temperature changes, so it’s important to maintain a consistent temperature in their cage. A range between 72-80°F is ideal. It’s also important to provide a source of light to help regulate their circadian rhythms, but avoid exposing them to direct sunlight.

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So essentially, providing proper housing for your hedgehog is an important part of their care. Consider the types of cages available, essential accessories, bedding and substrate options, and temperature and lighting requirements to create a safe and comfortable environment for your pet. With the right housing and attention, you can ensure your hedgehog is happy and healthy for years to come.

3 Feeding your hedgehog

Appropriate diets for hedgehogs
Hedgehogs are omnivores and need a balanced diet to maintain good health. A commercial hedgehog food is a great option for the base of their diet. This food should be supplemented with live insects such as mealworms, crickets or waxworms, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables. It’s important to note that some fruits and vegetables, such as avocado and grapes, are toxic to hedgehogs and should be avoided.

Food and water dishes
Hedgehogs require fresh water at all times and a water dish should be included in their cage. The food dish should be big enough for your hedgehog to eat comfortably but small enough to prevent spillage. It’s also a good idea to choose dishes that are heavy or securely attached to the cage so they don’t tip over and make a mess.

Treats and snacks
Hedgehogs enjoy variety in their diet, so it’s okay to offer treats and snacks in moderation. A few options include boiled eggs, cooked chicken or turkey, cooked sweet potatoes, and the occasional cat treat. Keep in mind that treats should make up no more than 10% of your hedgehog’s diet.

It’s important to monitor your hedgehog’s weight and adjust their food intake as necessary. Obesity can be a problem for hedgehogs and can lead to health problems. Overfeeding and offering too many treats can contribute to weight gain, so it’s important to keep a close eye on their eating habits.

In short, providing your hedgehog with a balanced and varied diet is essential for their health and wellbeing. By offering a commercial hedgehog food, supplementing with live insects and fresh fruits and vegetables, and offering occasional treats and snacks, you can ensure your hedgehog is getting all the nutrients they need to thrive.

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4 Maintaining hygiene and health

Maintaining hygiene and health is crucial when it comes to owning a hedgehog. Hedgehogs are prone to certain health problems, and proper care can help prevent these issues. Here’s what you need to know to keep your hedgehog healthy and happy:

Grooming and bathing: Regular grooming is important to keep your hedgehog’s quills clean and in good condition. Brushing your hedgehog once a week will help remove loose quills and dirt. Bathing should only be done if necessary, as hedgehogs are susceptible to fungal infections, and excess moisture can lead to health problems. When bathing your hedgehog, be sure to use a gentle soap and keep the water lukewarm.

Handling and exercise: Hedgehogs are social animals, and they enjoy human interaction. Handle your hedgehog regularly and provide plenty of opportunities for exercise. A wheel or an exercise ball can help your hedgehog stay active and maintain good physical health. Avoid rough handling, as hedgehogs can become stressed and frightened.

Common health problems and how to prevent them: Some common health problems in hedgehogs include mites, respiratory infections, and obesity. Regular grooming and bathing can help prevent mites, and providing a clean, well-ventilated cage can prevent respiratory infections. Overfeeding and lack of exercise can lead to obesity, so be mindful of your hedgehog’s diet and provide opportunities for physical activity.

Importance of regular vet visits: Regular visits to the vet are important to ensure your hedgehog is healthy. Your vet can check for any underlying health issues, perform necessary vaccinations, and give advice on maintaining your hedgehog’s health. Make sure you find a veterinarian who is experienced with hedgehogs and their specific health needs.

In summary, by taking good care of your hedgehog and maintaining good hygiene and health, you can help ensure a long and happy life for your pet. Proper grooming, handling, diet, and regular visits to the vet will help keep your hedgehog healthy and happy.

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5 Providing mental stimulation and enrichment

When it comes to keeping your hedgehog healthy and happy, providing mental stimulation and enrichment is just as important as proper nutrition and hygiene. So, let’s dive into what you need to know about giving your hedgehog the best life possible.

Different types of toys and activities:
Hedgehogs are curious creatures and love to explore their surroundings. There are a variety of toys and activities you can provide to keep them entertained and mentally stimulated. For example, a wheel for them to run on, hiding boxes and tubes, tunnels, and interactive toys like balls and puzzle feeders. Don’t be afraid to get creative and see what your hedgehog enjoys the most.

The importance of socialization:
Socialization is also crucial for a hedgehog’s mental well-being. If you’re the proud owner of more than one hedgehog, then they’ll be able to keep each other entertained and play together. However, if you have a single hedgehog, it’s essential to spend quality time with them, handling and playing with them regularly.

Creating a hedgehog-friendly environment:
Lastly, creating a hedgehog-friendly environment is key in providing mental stimulation and enrichment. This can be achieved by giving your hedgehog plenty of hiding spots, different textures to explore, and plenty of space to roam. You can also switch up their toys and rearrange their cage every so often to keep things interesting.

So essentially, keeping your hedgehog entertained, mentally stimulated and enriched will lead to a happy and healthy life. With the right toys and activities, socialization, and a hedgehog-friendly environment, you’ll be able to provide the best life possible for your furry friend.


Are hedgehogs easy to care for?

No, hedgehogs are not easy to care for. Proper care for hedgehogs requires a good understanding of their behavior, nutrition, and habitat needs. They are nocturnal animals that require a diet high in fat and protein, and their habitat must be kept clean and at a specific temperature range to maintain their health. In addition, hedgehogs require a certain amount of mental stimulation to avoid boredom, which can lead to behavioral problems. Caring for a hedgehog is a commitment and requires a significant amount of time, effort, and resources. However, with the right preparation, a hedgehog can make a wonderful and rewarding companion animal.
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How do you take care of a hedgehog for beginners?

To take care of a hedgehog, it is important to ensure they have proper housing, nutrition, hygiene, and mental stimulation. Here are some basics to keep in mind:

– Housing: Provide a spacious cage with a hiding place, soft bedding, and a water dish. The temperature inside the cage should be kept between 72-80°F.

– Nutrition: Offer a high-quality, commercial hedgehog food along with occasional insects and vegetables. Avoid giving them fatty or sugary foods.

– Hygiene: Keep the cage clean and change bedding regularly. Offer a dust bath to keep their skin and quills clean.

– Mental Stimulation: Provide toys and activities to keep them mentally stimulated. Regular interaction and socialization are also important for their well-being.

By following these guidelines, you can help ensure your hedgehog will be a happy and healthy companion.

Do hedgehogs need daily care?

Yes, hedgehogs do require daily care. Providing adequate nutrition, housing, and hygiene, as well as mental stimulation are all crucial components of their daily care routine.

It is important to provide fresh water, a balanced diet consisting of quality dry food, and occasional treats. Additionally, it’s essential to keep their habitat clean and comfortable, with suitable bedding and temperature control.

Regularly handling and interacting with your hedgehog can help improve their socialization skills and overall well-being. They also benefit from daily exercise, which can be provided through interactive toys and play sessions.

In summary, hedgehogs require daily attention to their physical and mental needs to ensure their continued happiness and health.

What do I need to know before I get a hedgehog?

Before you decide to get a hedgehog as a pet, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the responsibilities involved in their care. Here are the key things you need to know:

Housing: Your hedgehog will need a cage that provides sufficient space and proper ventilation, as well as a comfortable place to hide and sleep.

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Nutrition: A balanced diet is essential for the health and well-being of your hedgehog. They typically eat a diet of commercial hedgehog food and insects, such as mealworms and crickets.

Hygiene: Regular cleaning of their cage, food and water dishes, and bedding is crucial for maintaining good hygiene and preventing disease.

Mental Stimulation: Hedgehogs are active and curious animals, and they need regular opportunities for exercise and exploration to prevent boredom and maintain their physical and mental health.

Legal Considerations: In some areas, hedgehogs are illegal to keep as pets, so it’s important to research local regulations and obtain any necessary permits before you bring one home.

By considering these factors, you can make an informed decision about whether a hedgehog is the right pet for you and ensure you have the resources and knowledge necessary to provide proper care.

7 Conclusion

To sum it up, taking care of a hedgehog can be a truly enriching and fulfilling experience. With the right information and resources, you can provide your furry friend with the best possible life and ensure their happiness and health for years to come. The key to success is understanding the needs of hedgehogs and making sure to meet those needs in all areas of care. Proper housing, nutrition, hygiene, and mental stimulation are all essential components of a well-rounded hedgehog care plan. So whether you’re a seasoned hedgehog owner or a beginner just starting out, taking the time to learn about hedgehog care will go a long way in ensuring your pet’s well-being and happiness.
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