Do Hedgehogs Carry Ticks (Expert Answers)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Fun Fact: Did you know that hedgehogs are known to be “self-anointing”? When they come across a strong-smelling substance, they will actually start to lick and bite it, then spread the substance all over their spines! This behavior is thought to be a way for hedgehogs to mask their scent and potentially confuse predators.
Hedgehogs are cute and fascinating animals, but there are a lot of myths and misconceptions surrounding them. One common question that people ask is whether hedgehogs carry ticks. Ticks are parasites that feed on the blood of mammals, including humans. They can transmit diseases like Lyme disease, so it’s important to understand the risk they pose.

Do hedgehogs carry ticks? The answer is yes, hedgehogs can carry ticks, but the risk of tick-borne disease transmission is relatively low. Hedgehogs are not natural hosts for most tick-borne diseases and they tend to groom themselves regularly, which helps to remove ticks before they have a chance to bite. However, it’s still important to take precautions and check your hedgehog for ticks regularly, especially if you live in an area with a high tick population.

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In conclusion, hedgehogs can carry ticks, but the risk of tick-borne disease transmission is low. To minimize the risk, it’s important to check your hedgehog for ticks regularly and take other precautions to protect yourself and your pet.

1 What are ticks?

Definition of Ticks: Ticks are small, blood-sucking parasites that feed on the blood of mammals, birds, reptiles and sometimes humans. They belong to the Arachnid family and have a characteristic hard outer shell that protects them from injury.

Types of Ticks: There are over 800 species of ticks found all over the world, but only a few are commonly found on mammals and birds. Some of the most common types of ticks include the Deer Tick, the Brown Dog Tick, the Lone Star Tick, and the American Dog Tick.

Life Cycle of Ticks: Ticks have a four-stage life cycle that includes egg, larva, nymph, and adult. The life cycle can take anywhere from several months to several years, depending on the species and environmental conditions. During each stage, the tick must feed on a host in order to survive and progress to the next stage.

How Ticks Spread and Transmit Diseases: Ticks spread from host to host by attaching themselves to the fur or feathers of an animal and then dropping off when they are full. They can also spread from place to place by crawling on vegetation or through the air. Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Ehrlichiosis, among others, by injecting bacteria or viruses into their host during feeding.

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In summary, ticks are tiny blood-sucking parasites that can cause serious health problems if they are not prevented and treated appropriately. Understanding the life cycle, types, and transmission of ticks is crucial in preventing the spread of tick-borne diseases and protecting yourself, your family, and your pets.

2 Hedgehog biology and behavior

Hedgehog Anatomy and Physiology: Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals that belong to the Erinaceidae family. They have a distinctive, ball-like shape when curled up in a tight ball to protect themselves from predators. Hedgehogs have a pointed snout, small ears, and short legs that are covered in spines. Their spines are made of keratin, the same material as human hair and nails. They also have sharp claws that they use to dig burrows and find food.

Hedgehog Habitat and Behavior: Hedgehogs are native to Africa, Europe and Asia, but have been introduced to New Zealand and other areas as pets. They are nocturnal animals that prefer to live in dry, grassy areas with plenty of cover. Hedgehogs are solitary animals that only come together for mating purposes. They are shy and nervous by nature and will roll up into a tight ball to protect themselves when they feel threatened.

Hedgehog Diet and Feeding Habits: Hedgehogs are omnivores and will feed on a variety of foods including insects, snails, worms, and fruit. They will also eat small mammals and birds if they can catch them. Hedgehogs are opportunistic feeders and will eat whatever food is readily available. In captivity, they can be fed a diet of commercial hedgehog food, insects, and fruits and vegetables.

Hedgehog Grooming and Cleaning Habits: Hedgehogs are relatively clean animals and spend a significant amount of time grooming themselves. They use their rough tongues to clean their spines and their paws to clean their faces. They also have a gland near their anus that produces a waxy substance that they use to keep their spines clean and moisturized. Hedgehogs are known to be very hygienic and will frequently clean themselves, especially after eating.

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So ultimately, hedgehogs are fascinating animals that have a unique anatomy and physiology. Understanding their habitat, behavior, diet, and grooming habits is crucial in providing proper care for these animals and ensuring their health and well-being.

3 Hedgehog’s exposure to ticks

Hedgehogs, known for their unique and cute appearance, are naturally curious animals that roam and explore their environments. They live in a variety of habitats, including forests, fields, and suburban areas. While hedgehogs are not typically carriers of ticks, they are still at risk of coming into contact with these blood-sucking parasites.

Where do hedgehogs live and roam?
Hedgehogs can live in a variety of habitats, including forests, fields, and suburban areas. They are known to roam and explore their environment in search of food, shelter, and mates. They have a wide distribution across the world, including Africa, Europe, Asia, and New Zealand.

Places where hedgehogs are most likely to come into contact with ticks
Hedgehogs are most likely to come into contact with ticks in areas with high vegetation and ground cover, where ticks are more likely to be found. This includes forests, fields, and grassy areas. Hedgehogs may also come into contact with ticks when exploring burrows and dens of other animals, where ticks may be present.

Factors that increase hedgehog’s exposure to ticks
A number of factors can increase hedgehogs’ exposure to ticks, including their habits of roaming and exploring their environment, their diet, and the weather. Hedgehogs that forage for food in high grass and dense vegetation are more likely to come into contact with ticks, as are those that live in areas with warm, humid climates that are favorable to tick populations.

The risk of hedgehogs carrying ticks and transmitting diseases to humans
While hedgehogs are not known to be carriers of ticks, they can still be exposed to ticks and may carry them on their bodies. Hedgehogs that come into contact with ticks may also transmit diseases to humans, particularly if they are not properly cared for and maintained. It is important for hedgehog owners to regularly check their pets for ticks and to take steps to prevent tick exposure, such as providing a clean, tick-free living environment and using tick preventative measures.

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4 Preventing tick infestations in hedgehogs

Preventing tick infestations in hedgehogs is important for the health and well-being of both hedgehogs and their owners. Here are some tips for keeping hedgehogs free from ticks:

Regular tick checks: Regularly checking your hedgehog for ticks is crucial in preventing infestations. This can be done by running your hands over their entire body and checking for any bumps or crawling insects. Check the areas where they are most likely to come into contact with ticks, such as their legs, ears, and underbelly.

Preventive measures: Preventive measures can include using tick-repelling products such as sprays or collars, avoiding high grass and wooded areas, and keeping their living environment clean and tidy. It is also important to wash their bedding regularly and vacuum their cage to reduce the risk of exposure to ticks.

Clean living environment: Keeping your hedgehog’s living environment clean and tidy is important in reducing the risk of tick infestations. Ensure that their cage is free from debris, and clean and disinfect it regularly. This can help to minimize the number of ticks in the environment and reduce the likelihood of your hedgehog coming into contact with them.

Seeking veterinary care: If you suspect that your hedgehog has been infested with ticks, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Ticks can carry and transmit diseases, which can be harmful to your hedgehog and even to you. A veterinarian can perform a tick check, remove any ticks, and provide any necessary treatment to prevent the spread of diseases.

By following these tips, you can help to prevent tick infestations in hedgehogs and keep them healthy and happy. Remember, taking proactive steps towards preventing tick infestations is key to ensuring the well-being of both hedgehogs and their owners.


Can hedgehogs give dogs ticks?

Yes, hedgehogs can give dogs ticks. This can occur when a hedgehog carrying ticks comes into contact with a dog, and the ticks then latch onto the dog’s fur. To prevent this from happening, it’s important to regularly check both hedgehogs and dogs for the presence of ticks and to take steps to remove any ticks that are found promptly. This can be achieved through regular grooming and inspection of your pets, as well as using tick preventatives such as topical treatments or tick collars. Taking these proactive steps will help to minimize the risk of tick transmission between hedgehogs and dogs, and help to keep both pets healthy and tick-free.
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Can you get Lyme disease from hedgehogs?

No, you cannot get Lyme disease from hedgehogs. Hedgehogs are not known carriers of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease. However, it is still possible for hedgehogs to carry other types of tick-borne illnesses, and it is important to take preventive measures, such as regular tick checks and maintaining a clean living environment, to minimize the risk of tick infestations.

Should I remove ticks from a hedgehog?

Yes, it is important to remove ticks from a hedgehog. Ticks can carry harmful diseases and can infect both the hedgehog and its owner. Removing ticks promptly and properly is crucial in preventing potential illness.

It is recommended to seek veterinary care if you suspect your hedgehog has been infested with ticks. A veterinarian can safely remove the ticks and assess the health of your hedgehog. Avoid using tweezers or burning the tick, as these methods can cause harm to the hedgehog. Instead, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and gently pull upward.

Remember to always wash your hands and the bite area after removing a tick, and monitor your hedgehog for any signs of illness or infection.

How do you get rid of ticks on hedgehogs?

To effectively remove ticks from a hedgehog, you can use the following steps:

Step 1: Put on gloves and use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible.

Step 2: Pull the tick straight out with steady, even pressure. Do not twist or crush the tick as this may cause its bodily fluids to enter the hedgehog’s bloodstream.

Step 3: Clean the bite area and your hands with soap and water or an antiseptic solution.

Step 4: Place the tick in a sealed bag or container for disposal.

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It is important to seek veterinary advice if the hedgehog shows any signs of illness or discomfort after removing the tick. Regular tick checks and keeping the hedgehog’s environment clean can also help minimize the risk of tick infestations.

6 Conclusion

In short, as a hedgehog owner, it’s important to be aware that hedgehogs can be exposed to ticks and potentially carry them. However, there are several preventive measures that can be taken to minimize the risk. Regular tick checks, keeping the hedgehog’s living environment clean, and seeking veterinary care if necessary are essential steps in preventing tick infestations and ensuring the health and safety of both hedgehogs and their owners. By taking these proactive steps, you can rest assured that your hedgehog is protected and free from any unwanted pests.
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