Dangers Of Owning A Hedgehog (Fact Checked)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Did you know that hedgehogs can run up to 6 feet per second when they sense danger? They are quick little creatures that can escape predators quickly by rolling into a tight ball, revealing their sharp spines. Despite their spiny exterior, they are actually quite gentle and make great pets for those who are well-informed and prepared to properly care for them.
Hedgehogs have gained popularity as pets in recent years, with their cute and cuddly appearance and playful personalities. However, owning a hedgehog is not as simple as it may seem, and there are several dangers that pet owners need to be aware of. These spiny creatures require specific care and attention, and failure to provide them with the right environment can lead to a range of health and behavioral problems. In this article, we will delve into the dangers of owning a hedgehog, so that potential pet owners can make an informed decision and provide the best possible care for these fascinating creatures.

1 Understanding the Risks of Owning a Hedgehog

A. Disease Transmission to Humans

One of the key risks of owning a hedgehog is the potential for disease transmission to humans. Hedgehogs are known carriers of Salmonella and Ringworm, which can both cause serious health problems if contracted.

1. Salmonella

Salmonella is a bacteria that can be found in hedgehogs’ digestive tract, and can be easily spread to humans through contact with the hedgehog’s feces or skin. Salmonella infections can cause symptoms such as stomach cramps, fever, and diarrhea, and can be especially dangerous for young children, the elderly, and individuals with weakened immune systems.

2. Ringworm

Ringworm is a fungal infection that can be contracted through direct contact with infected hedgehogs or their habitats. Symptoms of ringworm include red, scaly patches on the skin and hair loss. While it can be treated with antifungal medication, it is best to prevent its spread by taking proper precautions when handling hedgehogs.

B. Health Concerns for the Hedgehog

In addition to the potential for disease transmission to humans, owning a hedgehog also carries certain health risks for the animal itself.

1. Poor Diet

Hedgehogs require a specific diet to maintain their health, including a balanced diet of commercial hedgehog food, insects, and occasional fruits and vegetables. Feeding hedgehogs a diet that is too high in fat or sugar can lead to a number of health problems, including obesity and digestive issues.

2. Inadequate Housing

Hedgehogs also require proper housing to maintain their health and well-being. This includes a spacious cage or habitat with a comfortable bedding material and hiding spaces, as well as adequate ventilation to prevent overheating. Poor housing conditions can lead to stress and health problems for the hedgehog.

See also  How To Look After A Hedgehog Uk? (Expert Answers)

3. Overuse of Wheels

Hedgehogs are naturally active animals and need opportunities to exercise, but overuse of wheels in their habitats can cause health problems. Constant running can lead to spinal injuries and foot sores, so it is important to provide a variety of toys and activities for hedgehogs to engage in.

2 Proper Care for a Hedgehog

Proper care is essential for a happy and healthy hedgehog. To ensure your pet hedgehog thrives, it’s important to provide the right housing, diet, and exercise.

A. Housing:
The first and foremost consideration for housing is size and material. A hedgehog needs a minimum of a 2-foot by 2-foot cage, made of sturdy, escape-proof material. As hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, they will also require a hiding spot to sleep during the day.
Temperature is also an important factor to consider. Hedgehogs are native to Africa and are used to warm climates. To mimic this, it’s recommended to keep the temperature in their cage between 72°F and 80°F.

B. Diet:
A balanced diet is crucial for a healthy hedgehog. A diet of high-quality dry food, specifically formulated for hedgehogs, should make up the bulk of their diet. Supplements, such as mealworms, can also be offered in small quantities as a treat. It’s important to avoid feeding your hedgehog foods high in sugar or fat, as this can lead to health problems.

C. Exercise:
Exercise is also important for the overall health of your hedgehog. A wheel is a great tool for exercise, but it’s important not to overuse it, as this can lead to muscle problems. Exploration and playtime outside of the cage is also recommended, but it’s important to supervise your hedgehog at all times, as they are escape artists.

So ultimately, providing proper care for a hedgehog requires effort and attention to detail, but the reward of a happy, healthy pet is well worth it. Ensure your pet’s housing, diet, and exercise needs are met to keep them healthy and thriving.

See also  How To Get Rid Of Hedgehog Mites? (Fact Checked)

3 Legal Restrictions

State Regulations:

It is important to note that not all states allow hedgehogs to be kept as pets. Some states have outright banned hedgehogs, while others have specific regulations regarding their ownership. Before acquiring a hedgehog, it’s crucial to research your state’s regulations to ensure that you are in compliance with the law.

International Regulations:

In addition to state regulations, there are also international regulations that govern the ownership of hedgehogs. Some countries have banned hedgehogs outright, while others have restrictions on the importation and exportation of the animals. It’s important to research the regulations in your country, as well as in any country you may be traveling to, to ensure that you are in compliance with the law.

Owning a hedgehog is a serious responsibility and should not be taken lightly. It’s crucial to stay informed about the regulations that govern their ownership, both in your state and country, to ensure that you are providing the best possible care for your pet and that you are in compliance with the law.


What are the downsides to having a hedgehog?

Yes, there are downsides to having a hedgehog as a pet.
One of the major concerns is their sensitivity to high temperatures and their need for a specific temperature range in their living environment, which requires careful monitoring and regulation. Additionally, they are prone to certain diseases, such as respiratory infections, and may require veterinary care.
Hedgehogs also have specific dietary requirements, including a diet high in fat, which can be difficult to provide.
Owning a hedgehog also requires a significant amount of time and effort, including daily cage cleaning and proper feeding, as well as providing opportunities for exercise and socialization.
Proper research and understanding of their care requirements is crucial before making the decision to bring a hedgehog into your home.

Is it cruel to keep a hedgehog as a pet?

It depends on the specific circumstances of hedgehog ownership. Proper research and consideration of the animal’s specific needs, including its housing, diet, and socialization requirements, is crucial for providing a humane and healthy environment for a hedgehog pet. Neglecting these responsibilities can result in poor animal welfare, which could be considered cruel. On the other hand, providing a well-researched and suitable living environment for a hedgehog pet can result in a positive and enriching experience for both the pet and its owner. It’s important for potential hedgehog owners to weigh the benefits and responsibilities of pet ownership before making a decision.
See also  How To Help A Hedgehog Hibernate? (Deep Research)

Can hedgehogs transmit diseases to humans?

Yes, hedgehogs can potentially transmit diseases to humans. It is important to practice good hygiene and sanitation when handling hedgehogs or their environment to minimize the risk of disease transmission. Some of the diseases hedgehogs can transmit to humans include Salmonella and ringworm. Additionally, hedgehogs can also carry mites, ticks, and fleas that may also pose a threat to human health.

It is essential for hedgehog owners to educate themselves on proper care and handling to reduce the risk of disease transmission and ensure the health and well-being of both the pet and their human family members.

Do hedgehogs carry chlamydia?

Yes, hedgehogs can carry chlamydia. Chlamydia psittaci, a type of bacterium, is commonly found in hedgehogs and can be transmitted to humans and other animals. However, it’s important to note that hedgehogs can carry the bacterium without exhibiting any symptoms, and transmission to humans is rare. To reduce the risk of transmission, it’s important to always practice good hygiene when handling hedgehogs and to avoid kissing or snuggling with them. Additionally, hedgehogs should receive regular veterinary checkups to ensure they remain healthy and do not spread any diseases to their owners or other pets.

5 Conclusion

In conclusion, it is important to consider all the dangers associated with owning a hedgehog before making a decision to bring one home. While these adorable creatures make for fascinating and unique pets, they come with their own set of challenges and risks. It is crucial to thoroughly research and understand these risks, as well as the responsibilities that come with ownership.

As a responsible pet owner, you must consider the alternatives and determine if a hedgehog is the right pet for you. There is a vast array of different pets to choose from, and it is important to find the one that fits your lifestyle, personality, and home.

See also  Hedgehogs Common Sense Media (Deep Research)

Proper research is key when it comes to owning any pet. It is your responsibility to ensure that you understand all the challenges and responsibilities associated with ownership, including legal restrictions and proper care. By taking the time to understand these things, you can provide a happy and healthy life for your pet and ensure that you are able to enjoy their companionship for years to come.

In summary, owning a hedgehog comes with its own unique set of responsibilities, and it is up to you to ensure that you are prepared for these challenges. So, do your research, consider the alternatives, and make an informed decision about whether or not a hedgehog is the right pet for you.

Previous articleCan You Fly With A Hedgehog? (Fact Checked)
Next articleDo Female Hedgehogs Bleed (Fact Checked)


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here