Can Hedgehogs Carry Rabies? (Expert Answers)

✅ Fact Checked
Updated on January 16, 2023
Michael Colt, Bachelor Computer Science Degree & Computer Engineering.
Written by
Michael Colt, Bachelor Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science.
Ella Williams
Fact Checked by
Ella Williams
Dr. Michael Colt is a highly qualified veterinarian and animal scientist. He has extensive knowledge and experience in the care and treatment of animals, and a deep understanding of the latest scientific research in the field. Dr. Colt is dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of animals, and is committed to providing the highest level of care to his patients. Holds a Bachelors Degree in Veterinary Medicine from Middle Tennessee State University.

⭐ Fun Fact ⭐
Did you know that hedgehogs are excellent swimmers? They use their spines to paddle through water and even have the ability to hold their breath for several minutes. So, next time you see a hedgehog near a pool or pond, don’t be surprised if it takes a dip!
Hedgehogs are adorable and quirky creatures that have captured the hearts of many pet owners. They have been domesticated for many years and have become popular pets, especially in Japan. However, before you consider getting a hedgehog as a pet, it’s important to understand their habits and behaviors, including whether or not they can carry rabies. This can have serious consequences for both you and your pet, so it’s crucial to have accurate information about the matter.

See also  How Have Hedgehogs Evolved To Have Spikes? (Expert Answers)

In this article, we will explore the topic of whether hedgehogs can carry rabies and what you need to know to keep yourself and your pet safe.

1 Background

Rabies is a serious, acute and often fatal viral disease that affects the central nervous system of warm-blooded animals. It is spread through the saliva of an infected animal and can be transmitted to humans through bites, scratches or contact with open wounds. The virus is most commonly found in carnivorous mammals, such as dogs, foxes, bats and raccoons, but it can also infect other animals, including hedgehogs.

Transmission of Rabies

Rabies is usually transmitted when an infected animal bites or scratches another animal or human. The virus travels from the site of the bite or scratch to the central nervous system, where it begins to multiply and cause symptoms. In some cases, it can also be transmitted through exposure to saliva, as when an infected animal licks an open wound on a person or another animal.

Effects of Rabies in Humans and Animals

In humans, rabies can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, headache, muscle weakness and seizures. If left untreated, it can lead to coma and death. In animals, rabies can cause similar symptoms, as well as changes in behavior, such as aggression, restlessness and sudden shyness. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms develop, making prompt and effective treatment crucial for both humans and animals.

It is important to note that animals, including hedgehogs, can carry the rabies virus without showing any symptoms. This makes it difficult to determine whether an animal is infected and highlights the need for responsible pet ownership, including regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations to prevent the spread of the disease.

See also  Should Hedgehogs Be Kept In Pairs (Fact Checked)

2 Hedgehog Biology and Rabies

Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals that belong to the Erinaceidae family. These creatures are known for their adorable appearance and are often kept as exotic pets. But when it comes to their potential to carry rabies, there is some confusion and misinformation. In this article, we will explore the biology of hedgehogs and their potential to carry and transmit the rabies virus.

Characteristics of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals that are native to Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have a distinctive appearance, with a spiky exterior that helps protect them from predators. They have a small head, sharp snout, and large eyes. Their diet consists of insects, slugs, snails, fruits, and vegetables.

Are Hedgehogs Susceptible to Rabies?

Rabies is a viral disease that is primarily transmitted through the bite of an infected mammal. It affects the nervous system and can lead to paralysis, seizures, and death. While hedgehogs are not considered a natural host for rabies, they can still become infected if they are bitten by an infected animal.

Evidence for and Against Hedgehogs Carrying Rabies

The debate over whether or not hedgehogs can carry rabies is ongoing. Some experts argue that hedgehogs are not susceptible to the virus, while others claim that they are at risk of contracting and transmitting it.

On the one hand, there have been no reported cases of hedgehogs transmitting rabies to humans or other animals. Furthermore, hedgehogs have a low body temperature, which is thought to make it difficult for the rabies virus to survive in their bodies.

On the other hand, hedgehogs are known to be carriers of other diseases, such as salmonella and ringworm, which can be transmitted to humans and other animals. Additionally, hedgehogs are known to scavenge and eat carrion, which puts them at risk of contracting rabies from infected animals.

See also  How To Keep A Hedgehog Warm Without A Heat Lamp? (Explained)

In summary, while there is some evidence for and against hedgehogs carrying rabies, more research is needed to fully understand their potential as carriers of the virus. It is always a good idea to practice good hygiene and to avoid handling hedgehogs or any other wild animals, especially if you are concerned about the risk of rabies.

3 Potential Risks of Keeping Hedgehogs as Pets

Health Concerns:
Keeping hedgehogs as pets can present a number of health risks for both the hedgehog and the owner. These spiny mammals carry a variety of parasites, including mites, ticks, and ringworm, that can be easily spread to humans and other animals. They are also prone to certain health problems, such as obesity and eye infections, which can result from improper diet and living conditions.

Safety Concerns:
Hedgehogs have sharp spines that can cause injury to owners and other pets. They are also known to bite if they feel threatened, which can result in injury and the spread of disease. Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, which means they can become active and loud at night and disrupt the sleep of their owners.

Legal Considerations:
The legality of keeping hedgehogs as pets varies by state and country. In some areas, hedgehogs are considered exotic pets and require a special permit to own. In others, they are completely banned. Before considering a hedgehog as a pet, it is important to research the laws and regulations in your area to ensure that you are in compliance with local animal control regulations.

It’s important to weigh the potential risks before making a decision to keep a hedgehog as a pet. While they can be cute and entertaining, hedgehogs are not suitable for everyone and may pose a threat to the health and safety of both the owner and the hedgehog. Before making a commitment to a pet hedgehog, it is recommended to research the species thoroughly, provide a safe and suitable living environment, and seek the advice of a veterinarian to ensure the well-being of both the owner and the pet.

See also  Can Hedgehogs Survive A Fall? (Real Research)

4 Precautions to Take When Dealing with Hedgehogs

Proper Handling of Hedgehogs

When dealing with hedgehogs, it’s crucial to handle them properly to avoid any injuries to both the animal and yourself. It’s recommended to use gloves or a cloth to pick up the hedgehog. Avoid using your bare hands as hedgehogs can carry diseases, including Salmonella, that can be harmful to humans. Additionally, hedgehogs have sharp quills that can easily pierce skin, causing discomfort and potential infection. When handling the hedgehog, be gentle and make sure to support its entire body, especially its head and neck.

Vaccination and Quarantine

If you’re planning on getting a hedgehog as a pet, it’s essential to have it vaccinated and placed in quarantine. This will help to prevent the spread of any diseases it might be carrying. Quarantine also gives the hedgehog time to adjust to its new surroundings and helps to prevent the spread of any diseases it might have contracted in its previous environment. A veterinarian can assist you in determining the appropriate vaccine schedule for your hedgehog.

Prevention Measures for Hedgehog Owners

As a hedgehog owner, it’s crucial to take the necessary measures to prevent the spread of diseases. This includes regularly cleaning your hedgehog’s living area and equipment, washing your hands before and after handling the hedgehog, and avoiding contact with other animals and their feces. It’s also essential to seek veterinary care if your hedgehog shows any signs of illness. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help to prevent the spread of diseases and ensure your hedgehog stays healthy.

So basically, handling hedgehogs properly, vaccinating and quarantining them, and taking preventative measures are essential steps in ensuring the health and well-being of hedgehogs and their owners. By taking these precautions, you can help to prevent the spread of diseases and ensure a happy and healthy relationship with your hedgehog.

See also  How Much Does A Hedgehog Live? (FAQ)


Can humans catch disease from hedgehogs?

Yes, it is possible for humans to catch diseases from hedgehogs. Hedgehogs can carry and spread Salmonella bacteria, which can cause serious illness in humans, especially in young children, elderly individuals, and those with weakened immune systems. They can also carry a viral disease known as EPMV (Exotic Pet Mammal Virus), which is contagious to humans and other animals. It’s important for hedgehog owners to practice proper hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly after handling hedgehogs or their habitats, to prevent the transmission of diseases. Additionally, hedgehogs should not be allowed to roam freely in areas where food is prepared or consumed. Hedgehog owners should consult with a veterinarian to ensure their pet is healthy and up-to-date on all necessary vaccinations.

What diseases can hedgehogs get?

Hedgehogs can get a variety of diseases, including:

  • Mites, a common parasitic skin condition that affects hedgehogs and causes itching, redness and hair loss.
  • Respiratory infections, including pneumonia and bronchitis, which can be caused by exposure to cold and damp conditions.
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea, that can be caused by consuming spoiled food or contaminated water.
  • Ringworm, a fungal infection that affects the skin and can be transmitted from hedgehogs to humans and other animals.
  • Hedgehog pox, a viral infection that causes skin lesions and can be transmitted between hedgehogs and other animals.

It’s important to take proper precautions when handling hedgehogs, including regularly cleaning their cage and washing hands after handling them. In addition, regular visits to a veterinarian can help detect and treat any health issues early.

Can a hedgehog bite make you sick?

No, a hedgehog bite itself is unlikely to make a person sick. However, hedgehogs can carry and spread salmonella, a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Additionally, hedgehogs can carry a variety of parasites, such as mites and ticks, that can also cause illness in humans if not properly handled. It is important to always wash your hands thoroughly after handling a hedgehog or its environment and to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing gloves, when cleaning the hedgehog’s cage or handling its food and bedding.
See also  Do Hedgehogs Stay With Their Young (Explained)

Can hedgehogs give dogs rabies?

No, hedgehogs are not known to be carriers of rabies and it is unlikely that they could give rabies to dogs or other animals. While the risk of hedgehogs carrying rabies is considered low, it is still possible for any animal to contract and transmit the virus.

To minimize the risk of exposure to any potential zoonoses, it is important to avoid direct contact with hedgehogs and to wash hands thoroughly after handling them or any other wild animals. If you suspect that your dog has been exposed to a hedgehog or any other animal with rabies, you should seek veterinary care immediately.

6 Conclusion

After evaluating the available evidence, it is clear that the question of whether hedgehogs can carry rabies is still a matter of debate among experts in the field. Some studies have suggested that hedgehogs are susceptible to the virus, while others have found little to no evidence of this.

Final Thoughts on the Topic: Regardless of the current state of knowledge, it is important to take precautions when dealing with hedgehogs. Whether or not they are carriers of rabies, it is always best to practice safe handling techniques, keep the animals in a clean and healthy environment, and consult with a veterinarian if there are any concerns.

Recommendations for Further Research and Action: In order to better understand the potential risk of hedgehogs carrying rabies, it is recommended that further research be conducted in this area. This may include additional studies on hedgehog populations and the prevalence of rabies in these animals, as well as investigations into the efficacy of current rabies vaccines for hedgehogs.

In conclusion, while the evidence on hedgehogs and rabies is still limited, it is important to take appropriate precautions when dealing with these animals. Further research and action in this area can help to provide a more complete understanding of the potential risks and how best to mitigate them.

See also  What Time Do Hedgehogs Come Out? (Detailed Response)
Previous articleAre There Hedgehogs In Japan (Real Research)
Next articleCan Hedgehogs Survive A Fall? (Real Research)


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here